The approach directly converts the greenhouse gas into formate, a solid fuel that can be stored indefinitely and could be used to heat homes or power industries.
MIT researchers find that changing the pH of a system solves a decades-old problem.
New technology could help generate hydrogen and chemical industry ingredients.
With many devices depending on the motion of ions, light could be used as a switch to turn ion motion on and off.
Surface treatment greatly reduces degradation of catalyst material.
Winning teams will use grants to advance research in areas including fuel cells, solar-powered desalination, and impacts of electric vehicle charging on the power grid.
Combining gasification with fuel-cell technology could boost efficiency of coal-powered plants.