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Ingestible robots, glasses-free 3-D, and computers that explain themselves

A look at 16 of the coolest things that happened at the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory in 2016.
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In 2016, MIT CSAIL researchers worked on a range of projects in robotics, theory, wireless technology, software systems, and other disciplines.
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In 2016, MIT CSAIL researchers worked on a range of projects in robotics, theory, wireless technology, software systems, and other disciplines.
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Image: CSAIL

Machines that predict the future, robots that patch wounds, and wireless emotion-detectors are just a few of the exciting projects that came out of MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) this year. Here’s a sampling of 16 highlights from 2016 that span the many computer science disciplines that make up CSAIL.

Robots for exploring Mars — and your stomach

  • A team led by CSAIL director Daniela Rus developed an ingestible origami robot that unfolds in the stomach to patch wounds and remove swallowed batteries.
  • Researchers are working on NASA’s humanoid robot, “Valkyrie,” who will be programmed for trips into outer space and to autonomously perform tasks.
  • A 3-D printed robot was made of both solids and liquids and printed in one single step, with no assembly required.

Keeping data safe and secure

  • CSAIL hosted a cyber summit that convened members of academia, industry, and government, including featured speakers Admiral Michael Rogers, director of the National Security Agency; and Andrew McCabe, deputy director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  • Researchers came up with a system for staying anonymous online that uses less bandwidth to transfer large files between anonymous users.
  • A deep-learning system called AI2 was shown to be able to predict 85 percent of cyberattacks with the help of some human input.

Advancements in computer vision

  • A new imaging technique called Interactive Dynamic Video lets you reach in and “touch” objects in videos using a normal camera.
  • Researchers from CSAIL and Israel’s Weizmann Institute of Science produced a movie display called Cinema 3D that uses special lenses and mirrors to allow viewers to watch 3-D movies in a theater without having to wear those clunky 3-D glasses.
  • A new deep-learning algorithm can predict human interactions more accurately than ever before, by training itself on footage from TV shows like "Desperate Housewives" and "The Office."
  • A group from MIT and Harvard University developed an algorithm that may help astronomers produce the first image of a black hole, stitching together telescope data to essentially turn the planet into one large telescope dish.

Tech to help with health

  • A team produced a robot that can help schedule and assign tasks by learning from humans, in fields like medicine and the military.
  • Researchers came up with an algorithm for identifying organs in fetal MRI scans to extensively evaluate prenatal health.
  • A wireless device called EQ-Radio can tell if you’re excited, happy, angry, or sad, by measuring breathing and heart rhythms.

Algorithms, systems and networks

Press Mentions

Forbes

Kevin Murnane of Forbes spotlights five innovations developed by CSAIL researchers in 2016. Murnane highlights an ingestible origami robot, a 3-D printed robot with solid and liquid components, a robot that can assist with scheduling decisions, an artificial neural network that can explain its decisions, and an algorithm that can predict human interactions. 

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