In a study published recently in Nature Scientific Reports, MIT Media Lab researchers showed that networking does not improve team performance. Their findings showed that only the participants' strongest ties had an actual effect on their performance — and the stronger the ties a team had, the better the team performed. None of the participants' weak instrumental (goal-oriented) or expressive (personal) networking ties significantly impacted the performance of their teams.
The research further showed that a team's strongest ties were the best predictor of its performance. A team's strongest ties indicated a performance better than the technical abilities of its members, what the members already knew on the topic, or their personality types.
When solving problems in a competitive environment, the study revealed, it does not matter how many people someone knows or networks with — what really matters are the strongest ties in the network. This has implications for the organization of teams of scientists, engineers, and a host of others tackling today's most complex problems.
The paper, "The Strength of the Strongest Ties in Collaborative Problem Solving," was published in the June 20 issue of Nature Scientific Reports and co-authored by graduate students Yves-Alexandre de Montjoye and Arkadiusz Stopczynski; postdoc Erez Shmueli; Alex Pentland, the Tobisha Professor of Media Arts and Sciences; and Sune Lehmann, a professor at the Technical University of Denmark.